Constitution of the State of Ohio.
We, the people of the State of Ohio, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, to secure its
blessings, and promote our common welfare, do establish this Constitution.
Bill of Rights.
Section 1. All men are, by nature, free and independent, and have certain inalienable
rights, among which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing, and protecting
property, and seeking and obtaining happiness and safety.
Section 2. All political power is inherit in the people. Government is instituted for their
equal protection and benefit, and they have the right to alter, reform, or abolish the same. whenever they may deem
it necessary; and no special privileges or immunities shall ever be granted, that may not be altered, revoked, or re-
pealed by the General Assembly.
Section 3. The people have the right to assemble together, in a peaceable manner, to consult
for their common good; to instruct their Representatives; and to petition the General Assembly for the redress of gri-
Section 4. The people have the right to bear arms for their defense and security; but standing
armies, in time of peace, are dangerous to liberty, and shall not be kept up; and the military shall be in strict
subordination to the civil power.
Section 5. The right of trial by jury shall be inviolate.
Section 6. There shall be no slavery in this State; nor involuntary servitude, unless for the
punishment of crime.
Section 7. All men have a natural and defensible right to worship Almighty God
according to the dictates of their own conscience. No person shall be compelled to attend, erect, or support any
place of worship, or maintain any form of worship, against his consent; and no preference shall be given, by law,
to any religious society; nor shall any interference with the rights of conscience be permitted. No religious test
shall be required, as a qualification of office, nor shall any person be incompetent to be a witness on account of
his religious belief; but nothing herein shall be construed to dispense with oaths and affirmations. Religion,
morality and knowledge, however, being essential to good government, it shall be the duty of the General Assembly
to pass suitable laws, to protect every religious denomination in the peaceable enjoyment of its own mode of public
worship, and to encourage schools and the means of instruction.
Section 8. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless in cases
of rebellion or invasion, the public safety requires it.
Section 9. All persons shall be bailable by sureties, except for capital offenses where