Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1982-09-23, page 01
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\.. '-. Li BRAKY, OH 10 H ISTOR ,CAU $<&&rt% 1 OB?, VELM/V AVE* iooW. 0. 43211 -yEXOH- Serving Columbus and Central Ohio Jewish Community tor Over to Years \V7AR VOL.60 NO.39 SEPTEMBER 23,1982-TISHREI6 Devoted to American and Jewish Ideals. Pope, Arafat Hold Private Meeting Speculation Grows That Gemayel's Links To Israel, Leanings Toward Peace Led To His Assassination > ROME (WNS)—Pope John Paul II, in a highly controver- sail move, met privately for about 20 minutes with chief of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Yasir Arafat, at the Vatican Sept. 15. According to Vatican sources, the meeting changes the political status of the PLO. Shortly after Arafat's audience with the Pope, the Vatican Press Office issued a statement saying that the Pontiff had called for a "peaceful solution" to the Middle East conflict and had excluded "terrorism, violence and the use of arms" in pursuit of such a solution. The statement said the Pope explained that "a fair and lasting solution must by necessity recognize the rights of the Palestinian people or their homeland, as well at Israel's right to its security." Gunman Attacks Brussels Synagogue BRUSSELS—Jews, late arriving worshippers and members of a guard team formed to augment police security outside synagogues because of increasing anti-Semitic violence in Europe, were sprayed by'machine gun fire last Saturday, as others, unaware of what was happening, were gathered inside the Synagogue of Brussels for Rosh Hashanah Services. The lone gunman fled when fired upon by police. Four people were wounded in the attack. Ex-SS Officer's Citizenship Revoked CHICAGO (JTA)—A Federal judge has revoked the citizenship of Conrad Schellpng, a former SS officer living in Chicago, for having made "material misrepresentation" of his Nazi past when he applied for U.S. citizenship. Schellong, 71, is alleged lo have commanded a guard unit at the Dachau • and Sachsenburg concentration camps during World War II and to have trained SS recruits for concentration camp guard duty. ' 2_T France Scene Of Arab Propaganda Effort LONDON (WNSJ—A comprehensive study which finds that a concerted Arab propaganda effort in France has been backed by both left-wing and right-wing elements and which warns that "Arab propagandists will intensify their methods" has been released here by the World Jewish Congress. The commissioned study, issued by the WJC research and publications unit, the Institute of Jewish Affairs, shows that France's Middle East policies and its position within the European community were key factors in its emergence as "ideal territory for the propaganda of the Arab states involved in the Middle East conflict." Haig Critical Of Reagan Middle East Initiative NEW YORK (WNS)-In his first address to a Jewish organization since he resigned from the Reagan Administration in June, former Secretary of State Alexander Haig denounced President Reagan's Middle East peace initiative, saying that the President's call for a freeze on Jewish settlement activities on the West Bank was "a very serious mistake." Haig asserted during the course of his speech Sept. 14 that he had examined the record of the Camp David negotiations carefully and had concluded that "Israel never committed itself to terminate permanent settlements on the West Bank." Although He did not refer directly to the Reagan initiative, spelled out on national television Sept. 1, Haig was NEW YORK (JTA)- President Reagan last week condemned the "cowardly assassination" of Presidentelect Bashire Gemayel of Lebanon, saying it is a "shock to the American people and to civilized men and women everywhere." "We condemn the perpetrators of this heinous crime against Lebanon and sharply critical of the Reagan proposal to revive the stalled autonomy negotiations for Palestinians on the West Bank and Gaza in association with Jordan. He said the President's idea posed a threat of a "gutting session" between Israel and the U.S. "When by our policies, we cannot deal effectively with our friends in Israel, we are undercutting our effectiveness throughout the Arab world," Haig declared. The speech before 300 United Jewish Appeal leaders at the UJA's "Hineni I" leadership meeting was warmly received and interrupted by frequent applause. He received a standing ovation when he concluded with the commentf "When we are true to Israel, we are true to ourselves," against their cause of peace in the Middle East," Reagan said in a strongly worded. White House statement. "The tragedy will be even greater if men in countries friendly to Lebanon permit disorder to continue in. this war torn country." According to observers in Washington, Gemayel, the 34-year-old Christian Pha- EDITORIAL All Voices Must Be Heard Israeli action in Lebanon in recent weeks has once again caused international attention to be focused on the political and military policies of the Israeli government in its long struggle to provide and maintain security for its people and bring peace to the Middle East. ' Each time that Israel's policies and actions become subject to this scrutiny, there are many repercussions "throughout the" Amerrcaii a^d ^oil(J Jev^tehcortimuni? ties. Because the State of Israel is a focal point for world Jewry and a monument to Jewish history, it has become very difficult to deal objectively with the politics of Israel as a nation without at least some con- . sideration of the influence on world Jewish culture. This is a problem. Even though they are related, the policies of Israel are a political entity of a national government and subject to the same debate and discussion as those of any democratic country, while the well-being of Jewish culture in the world is related primarily to the strength of Jewish commitment, heritage and ideals throughout all of the communities of the diaspora. We at the Chronicle have identified that within our community there is confusion and concern over how to deal with commitment to the importance of Israel and Jewish culture while understanding and maintaining objectivity about Israeli politics. The news media have lately provided incomplete and conflicting details of events in the Middle East. Israel's activities have not been treated favorably. The information we get through our Jewish agencies and what is in our hearts tells us that this is wrong. The long-range consequence of incomplete or misleading information might be more than "bad press" for Israel—it is the threat of fuel for the flames of anti-Semitism around the world. The Chronicle is experiencing difficulty in providing complete and objective information on this important issue. Our publication schedule makes it impossible to be timely in reporting dailyievents. At this time, we are attempting to summarize reactions of community leaders to recent events for later publication. The Chronicle urges all American Jews to consider these issues carefully arid express their knowledge and opinions openly. We urge our community to do this, through the Chronicle, in the interest of complete dissemination of information, fact as well as opinion. Our "Editor's Mailbox" column is available to all our readers. In the spirit of an open-forum, we will be seeking well-written, well-documented feature essays from qualified contributors. Our commitment will be to publish, in the coming weeks, as much information as is available and for which we have the space. It is critical that all voices be heard. S.N.P. EDITOR'S NOTE; Letters to the editor must be brief, well written, not libelous and of interest to our readers. langist leader who was elected Aug. 23 to succeed Elias Sarkis and was to be sworn into office this week, may have been assassinated for his close economic and military links to Israel and his leanings toward eventually signing a peace treaty with the Jewish State.' The son of Pierre Gemayel, founder of the Christian Phalangist Party in Lebanon, Bashir Gemayel rose to prominence when his forces fought a bloody civil war against armed Palestinians and their Lebanese Moslem and leftist supporters in 1975-1976. During this time, Gemayel received military and economic support from Israel for his forces, which grew to nearly 25,000 .'. troops at the time the Israeli military operation began in June. Gemayel's image as a ruthless military warrior ->. seemed to tone down in recent months to a position of moderation and reconciliation. This was indicated by his meeting two weeks- ago with Moslem leaders in an attempt to reverse the years of bitterness between Moslems and Christians and to reunite the country under, a central ruling government. Many Moslem leaders had boycotted the parliamentary vote, terming Gemayel an Israeli "collaborator." He was the only announced candidate in the elections. Ambassador Moshe Arens of Isreal said in an interview on ABC-TV's "Nightiine" ■ program that he could not place specific blame for the assassination on a specific organization in Lebanon's factional political structure. However, he said a possible motive behind the assassination might have been Gemayel's eventual goal of signing a peace treaty with Israel. ".'•.- Responding to a suggestion that Israel might seek to assume some role in Lebanon to fill a "vacuum" left by Gemayel's assassination, Arens told the TV interviewer that Israel has no intention of filling the void. He said that Israel's objective in Lebanon, as has been stated previously, was to see a united and democratic Lebanon. He said Israel would do what it can to help Lebanon achieve this goal. . Gemayel remained initially hesitant in his'views about relations with Israel and his view of a Lebanese-Israeli peace treaty. The Lebanese leader feared such a move would isolate Lebanon from the rest of the Arab world and would create difficulties domestically between Moslems and Christians. Gemayel, according to reports, wanted time to rebuild a central Lebanese government; which could maintain rule over all of Lebanon before entering into a peace agreement with Israel. Gemayel said in an interview with Time magazine last week that "we have no more room for little private armies ... only (the) Lebanese army. .;.. This is the only guarantee for our defense, so that the Israelis of the U.S. marines or United Nations forces won't have to be coming in all the time." In a recent article published in the Washington Post, Gemayel issued several guidelines that should be followed if Lebanon is to pursue a new "destiny." He said that any solution to the Lebanese crisis must include the recovery of Lebanese sovereignty over its entire territory arid the restoration of the, Lebanese state of its •full .authority; that Israeli and Syrian forces must de-. part from Lebanon and a Lebanese airmy must emerge strong enough to preserve the territorial integrity of Lebanon and that all Palestinians continuing to reside in Lebanon must submit to and respect the authority of the Lebanese government in Lebanon. I In an interview with Israel Radio after his election, Gemayel said: "It is a big achievement for our democracy, it's a great day. I hope that what we achieved until now—to reunite the country and to free the country—will continue. Yom Kippur, The Day of Atonement, begins on Sunday, September 26, at sundown with the chanting of Kol Nidre and ends on Monday night, September 27, with the Neilah or Concluding Service.
|Title||Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1982-09-23|
|Subject||Jews -- Ohio -- Periodicals|
|Place||Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)|
|Creator||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Collection||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Submitting Institution||Columbus Jewish Historical Society|
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