Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1975-03-27, page 01
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■1 It 7.'"liVii.u » j. - ■-. ■ m. .i-'v,»*-'*-ft* VV1 ."■■, .v /'"■.■"-" ' "■'■ "'■" "'■'■'■*■"■- ."V'V" -'is *>-'; •At LIBRARY, OHIO HISTORICAL SOCIETY 1'082 VELM« AVE, COLS» 0. 43211 EXCH StAVtf Serving Columbus and Central Ohio Jewish Community far Over 50 Years ^Q\^ VOL. 53 NO. 13 MARCH 27, 1975 - NISAN 15 Petroleum Exporters Considering Advertising Campaign To Improve Their Image In America TEL AVIV — U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, right, talks with Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin at Ben-Gurion Airport before returning to Washington after the breakdown of negotiating efforts between Israel and Egypt. Dr. Kissinger said it was "a sad day" for both America and Israel, but added that "the necessity which has brought about this effort, and the need to move toward peace, cannot be abandoned." /— RELIGIOUS NEWS SERVICE PHOTO Mideast Talks Break Down By David Landau JERUSALEM, (JTA) — Premier Yitzhak Rabin said here March 23 all the parties involved would now want to reassass their positions before decisions were taken on future moves towards a Mideast settlement. The Premier declined to predict J what such "future moves might be. He "hoped" a "renewal of the present efforts lies ahead of us," but he jmplied that no arrangements had been made for Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger's im¬ minent return to the region. The Premier spoke at a news conference in Jerusalem after seeing off the Secretary 12 hours after it was announced here that the shuttle mission had been "suspended." Rabin paid "special tribute" to American efforts to promote a settlement and he ex¬ pressed his faith that friendship between the U.S. and Israel was "deep- rooted" and could weather "ups and downs." He confirmed press reports here today that he had received last week from , President Ford a letter , regarding the negotiations— but refused to divulge its .. content, explaining that such ; correspondence was a part of the "special relationship" between the two states and. could not be published. The two evening newspapers and the radio reported that the letter from Ford had been couched in extremely tough language that had left the Cabinet in. a state of shock. Rabin at his press con- (CONTINOED ON PAGE 10) By Joseph Polakoff WASHINGTON, (JTA) — The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is con¬ sidering -paying Readers Digest to publish sym¬ pathetic articles and ac¬ cepting a "cold turkey" offer from a New York ad¬ vertising agency to bring OPEC's "message" to "the American people," ac¬ cording to Business Week. In an editorial entitled "Blacklist Backlash in Congress," Business Week said that "Administration officials fear that escalating . anti-Arab sentiment in Congress will make new trouble for legislation dealing with trade or foreign investment in the1 United States." The magazine pointed out that "amend¬ ments are sprouting to block commercial deals with countries that participate against U.S. companies with Jewish interests." One top Senate aide is quoted in the Business Week editorial as saying that "people are really upset" over the blacklist. "Unless the Arabs renounce the blacklist, pressure for Congressional reprisal may , grow irresistable" although "State and Treasury .Department officials argue the best way to handle the problem is through quiet diplomacy." In its news article on OPEC seeking to improve its image in America, Business Week reported in its March 24 issue that an OPEC report it obtained showed that three editorial and advertising representatives from Readers Digest met OPEC officials in Vienna Jan. 17 to discuss the campaign. "'They told chief M.O. Feyide, the oil ■ group's Secretary General; who is from Nigeria," the magazine said, that "a suitable program would cost anywhere from $1.87 million to $4.58 million, depending on the length of -the. articles and the number of in¬ sertions." In New York, according to Business Week, the managing editor. of Readers Digest, Edward T. Thompson, said that the "articles" mentioned in the (CONTINUED ON PAGE 11) Proposed Legislation Would Provide Civil And Criminal Penalties For Boycotters Disclose Failure Win Release Of By Yitzhak Rabi NEW YORK, (JTA) — A team of prominent American attorneys and law professors, headed by Telford Taylor, a law professor at Columbia University Law School, has' been trying to obtain the. release of Jewish and other prisoners in the Soviet Union through the use of Russian judicial procedures and laws, - but the Soviet authorities were found "unresponsible to their own laws." The secret efforts of the American team during the last year were disclosed here March 18 at a press conference in the New York Bar Association building. Taylor, who was chief U.S. prosecutor at the war crimes trials in Nuremberg, said that after months without 0f Effort To Soviet POC's any response on the part of the Soviets to charges by the American attorneys the team is discarding secrecy and taking the case to the. "court of world opinion." According to Taylor, the group aimed at proving to the Soviets that "the validity of the legal procedure" and Soviet criminal laws were violated when' -the Jewish prisoners were tried, and that the conditions in which' those prisoners are held are also illegal according to Soviet law. The team is representing the relatives of 18 Jewish and two non- Jewish "Prisoners of Con¬ science." The two non-Jews were defendants in the first Leningrad trial in Dec. 1970, which involved Soviet Jews who allegedly planned to escape to Israel. Taylor (CONTINUED ON PAGE 11) WASHINGTON (WNS) — Rep. Peter W. Rodino (D. NY) and Rep. Elizabeth Holtzman (D. NY) have ' introduced a bill that would impose criminal and civil penalties on American participants in the Arab boycott and those who initiate them. Rodino, who is chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, said . the.,legislation-4s. ('intended.. to preserve the con¬ stitutional rights of all Americans to be free of racial and religious discrimination." The bill would make a company liable up to $1 million in fines and its officials subject to imprisonment and fines up to $100,000 for any company effort to organize an illegal r boycott. Any company that cooperated with or par¬ ticipated in an illegal boycott would be liable to $500,000 in fines and its officers to $50,000 in fines. In addition, any person or company hurt by an illegal boycott could bring federal court action for treble damages against the company instigating the boycott. ' Earlier Deputy Secretary of State Robert S. Ingersoll said that most of the legislation being proposed in Congress to combat the Arab boycott go "beyond what is necessary to safeguard our national interests." Ingersoll told the Southern Council in Atlanta that "We are opposed to legislative initiatives that would make it more difficult for other nations to invest responsibly in the United States." He said proposals such as the bill introduces by Sen. Harrison Williams,, Jr. (D. N.J.) " to grant the- President authority to screen \£md„block, at his discretion, any investment leading to foreign control of more than five percent of a U.S. company could well discourage investments we find desirable," The Williams Bill would also require disclosure-and authentic control of foreign investment in U.S. com¬ panies and would allow the President to prohibit foreign investments in an American company when he deemed it against the national security. Williams also has introduced an amendment to the bill to prevent'-foreign investors who participated in a boycott against a U.S. firm from buying a significant interest .in any American company. In the House, Rep. Jonathan (CONTINUED ON PAGE 5) Federation Sabbath To Be Observed By Synagogues Federation Sabbath will be observed by the synagogues of Columbus, it was an¬ nounced by Dr.- Jerome D. Folkman, Chairman of the Rabbinical Advisory Committee for the 1975 United Jewish Fund Cam¬ paign. Most Columbus congregations will observe .Federation Sabbath, on either Friday or Saturday, March 28 or 29th, but some will hold it at a later date due to other commitments. "The purpose of Federation Sabbath is to share with the members of each congregation the activities and concerns of the Columbus Jewish Federation and its United Jewish Fund Campaign," said Dr. Folkman, "and this has been a traditional way of reaching the congregational membership." At Tifereth Israel Congregation, on Friday evening March 28, the Federation Sabbath address will be given by Donald Katz, a member of the Board of Trustees of the Columbus Jewish Federation and a life- (CONTINUED 0N->AGE' 15 > Arabs Discover Buck Is Mightier Than The Bomb By William Saphire (Copyright 1975, JTA, Inc.) In 1973, or thereabouts, the . Arabs, discovering that the - buck is mightier than the §, bomb, embarked on an excursion into economic imperialism that previously H had been the prerogative of | only the more enlightened and advanced nations of the world. The- colonized have now become the colonizers, remarked Israel's former Foreign Minister Abba Eban recently, referring to the new topsy-turvy jux¬ taposition of haves and have- nots that emerged after the Yom Kippur War and the Arab oil embargo. The "haves", are the nations, principally Arab, which by sheerest chance sit atop the largest known oil reserves in the world, located in the Middle East. The "have-nots" in the present circumstances are any other nation mat has a wheel to turn or a plane to fly — but principally the highly industrialized nations of Western Europe, Japan and the United States. The im¬ balance was created by the four-fold increase in the price of a barrel of oil, an arbitrary and artificial hike having nothing to do with the. classic laws of supply and demand. This was accomplished, some say, by a strategy more psychological than economic, The Arab oil embargo . of October - November 1973 gave the comfortable Western world a taste of panic and the words "energy crisis" en¬ tered the vocabulary of everyone, from Presidents of the United States to. Sunday motorists. Once established, the quadrupled price of oil remains and may even go higher, unless and until alternative energy sources are developed, a very long-term process. These factors are the cutting edge of the new economic imperialism. On Feb, 9, the Washington Post headlined: "U.S. Depen¬ dency on Mideast Oil is Rising." Four days later, a New York Times headline informed its readers that "Oil Nations' Cash (is) Surging 'Into U.S." A subhead offered the con¬ solation that "Analysts Now Less Fearful —• Corporate Control Not Expected To Be a Goal." •• . The Federal' Energy Administrator, -Frank G. Zarb, was quoted ;in one story as saying that "We face a very vulnerable (CQNTlNUEp.ON PAGE-JO '".
|Title||Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1975-03-27|
|Subject||Jews -- Ohio -- Periodicals|
|Place||Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)|
|Creator||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Collection||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Submitting Institution||Columbus Jewish Historical Society|
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